This is how to grow peas in Kenya guide with all information and answers to guide you on how to grow peas in Kenya. Be it you want to start commercial pea’s farm or peas farming for domestic purpose this guide is prepared specifically for you. Before venturing into peas farming in Kenya there are some of the questions you have been asking yourself we intend to answer all of these questions on this guide;
- Areas where peas farming is done in Kenya?
- How much peas can one acre of land produce?
- How to start a peas farm
- How profitable is peas farming in Kenya
- Peas pests and diseases in Kenya
- What is the best fertilizer for peas farming?
- How long does it take for peas to mature
- Peas seed rate per acre in Kenya
- What is the market for peas in Kenya
- Peas varieties in Kenya
HOW TO GROW PEAS IN KENYA
Peas is a legume plant that can either be green and yellow In Kenya the main areas where peas is grown include, Nyandarua and Transnzoia. The varieties of peas grown in Kenya include;
- Sweet peas also known as garden peas or English peas have inedible pods from which the peas are taken.
- Snow peas produce edible and string less pods containing small peas.
- Snap peas produces thick, edible pods containing large size peas
The main variety of peas grown in Kenya is the snow peas and the ecological requirements for peas include: snow peas requires a fertile sandy- loamy soil that drain well, although peas tolerates most soil it is not tolerant to impermeable clay, peas thrive well in cool weather and altitude of between 1500-2600m above sea level, temperature of 12-20 degrees Celsius and well distributed rainfall of 1500mm to 2100mm
Planting of peas should be in a well ploughed and harrowed land free rom weeds, Peas are planted from their seeds and to improve germination, soak the seeds in water before planting on the field. Seeds are planted 1inch deep and spacing of 2 inches apart between seeds. Rows of planting peas should be 7 inches apart
Bush peas can reach 18 to 30 inches tall on height. Pole types can grow to at least 4 to 6 feet tall. Both types benefit from support. You can construct support using chain link wires or support them on light poles for each plant.
For peas, fertilizers are not normally required but you can substitute fertilizers by using grass mulch.
Regular farm practices for peas farm continues
Weeding: this is the removal of unwanted plants on the area where you may have grown your peas. Weeds harm the proper growth of the peas
Monitoring: this is done by frequently checking for pest and diseases. Some pests may invest in peas making it necessary for integration of pest management practices
Watering of peas also can continue in areas with minimal or low rainfall
The pests affecting peas include;
- Pea weevil
- Damping off and root rot
- Downey mildew
- Powdery Mildew
HARVESTING OF PEAS
Peas mature after 60 to 70 days of planting, peas are harvested when pods start to fatten, but before peas get too large. For best flavor consume peas directly during maturity period.
To harvest peas Use two hands when you pick peas to avoid damaging plant. Hold the vine with one hand and pull pods off with the other. Mature pea plants usually stop producing and die back in hot weather. Dry peas are harvested and can later be used as seeds
An acre piece of land can produce 400Kgs of fresh peas per week and harvesting can be done once per week for 13 weeks or more, this proofs how profitable peas farming in Kenya is. In Kenya 1 kg of peas can go up to 150 kshs, depending on time and availability.
MARKETTING OF PEAS IN KENYA
Large scale farmers of peas in Kenya can contact the exporters companies to help in sale, the main exporting companies in Kenya include; Homegrown Kenya Ltd, Idu Farm, Wamu Enterprises, Everest Enterprises and Kenya Horticultural Exporters Ltd (K.H.E)
Peas can also be sold locally on markets, supermarkets and institutions at a good price.
ALSO READ ON: