How to construct a good poultry house full guide

We have made you a full guide on how to construct a good poultry house for your commercial poultry farm or even domestic poultry farm. To construct a good poultry house one always asks several questions. We intend to answer all the questions regarding how to construct a good poultry house in this guide

Frequently asked questions on how to construct a good poultry house

  • How much does it costs to build a good poultry house?
  • What are the best type of poultry housing?
  • How do you make a good chicken house?
  • How much space do I need for 1000 chickens?
  • How to build a cheap poultry house?

Poultry farming is one of the most profitable venture by farmers and when we talk of poultry housing we have kept in mind the detailed information on how to construct a good poultry house for chickens. This is because this is the most kept bird in poultry farming.

POULTRY FARMING IN KENYA FULL GUIDE

Why do you need to construct a good poultry house?

There are various reasons why you need to construct a good poultry house regardless of you owning a domestic poultry farm or a commercial poultry farm these are the important points on why you need to have a good poultry house;

  • To maximize your production on the poultry farm
  • Proper supervision of your poultry
  • Maximum protection from pest and diseases which may harm your poultry and cause losses
  • Proper feeding and laying areas for the poultry
  • Proper supervision of the poultry farm
  • Protection from extreme climatically conditions

There are also various types of poultry housing you should know listed below

  • Brooder chick house: A poultry house for raising baby poultry mostly 0-8 weeks aged chicks
  • Grower poultry  housing: Used to grow layer poultry from 9 to 18 weeks of age this is the kind of house layer poultry farmers should consider
  • Brooders cum grower chicken housing: combines features of brooder and poultry chicken house but with this you don’t need to transfer birds which are usually 0-18 weeks of age
  • Layer poultry house: This is for layers which are over 18 weeks of age to 72 weeks which is climax egg laying capacity
  • Broiler house: This is for rearing birds for commercial meat production this kind has proofed to be profitable because of its fast maturity
  • Breeder house: this housing for keeping both female and male breeders at an appropriate sex ratio to produce fertilized eggs

The system of constructing a poultry housing you will choose will depend on some of these factors:

  1. Available capital
  2. Size of the poultry farm
  3. Cost of land
  4. Climatic conditions

In regard to the kind of poultry house you have decided to choose there are also 4 housing systems to pick from listed below

  • Free range poultry housing system: with this method your birds have the freedom of roaming around in search of food and are only enclosed during night period
  • Semi-intensive poultry housing system: This system is common around small scale poultry farmers requires bird to be reared in partially enclosed housing where they can roam freely and also enclosed while monitored
  • Folding unit housing system: this is where birds are kept or enclosed in temporary spaces where you will need to provide food and water frequently
  • Intensive system poultry housing: this is the housing system where poultry are kept in housing or cages. This poultry housing is the most convenient for modern poultry

Basic Requirements for constructing a good poultry housing

A simple poultry housing can be constructed with the help of the following basic materials

Wooden frames: these materials are required for joining roofs to poles and also supporting hinges and doors. The frames are usually obtained from trees or timber yards

Iron sheets: the iron sheets needed are for covering the roofs and sides the roof should not allow any leakages and also side iron sheet should allow some light and ventilation.

A point to note is that not to cover all the areas leave suitable spacing in between sides especially construction done in areas of high temperatures

Building materials like nails, saws and hammers should be considered. There are several YouTube tutorials that can help you build the housing on your own

Wire mesh or chain links: the wire mesh are the best for construction because they allow ventilation and sunlight while they prevent poultry predators to from harming the poultry.

Use the wire mesh to enclose sides left by uncovered iron sheets and the grazing compound around the poultry house ensure the top of the grazing area is also covered by the wire mesh.

Wooden timber: the wood to be used is for construction of laying areas for layers or partitioning the areas for different poultry types. The laying area should be kept clean as always

Sawdust: sawdust are used for laying areas and also for covering the floor. Alternatively, you can use dried grass and ensure to use pesticides to drive away predators from these kind of materials

A good poultry house should be in the following state

  • Controlled Access to the poultry house
  • Comfortable flooring or bedding for the birds to facilitate production
  • Convenient To Clean with proper laid floors
  • Easy Egg Collection system within the housing
  • Good Lighting and Heating System to make it accessible for users or farmers
  • Proper Ventilation of the house
  • Effective Waste Disposal Unit inside the poultry housing and also outside
  • Divisions for Different Ages and Species of Birds.
watch this video to see simple poultry housing

Common poultry predators and their control strategies

PredatorAttack modeControl method
HawkPicks up stray birds and weaklings. Attacks birds so that head and toe marks are visible on back. Often plucks birds.Hunt the hawk and keep chicks away from clear swoop areas.
Rat, mongooseUsually take more than they eat, and stuff chicks in holes for later consumption.If allowed, use rat poison.
SnakeWill swallow eggs and chicksUse fishhooks.
Dog, catGeneral destructionTry to catch them. Cats can control rats but wild cats and dogs are a problem.
Fox, jackalWill bite off the feathers over the back and between wings, eat the entrails and breast, and carry bird to den.Roam in the early morning; kill for their young. Trapping is the best control.
RaccoonPulls off head and eats crop. Will carry birds off.May be protected in some countries. A permit to destroy may be required.

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